Date Of Post: 19 May, 2018
Kolkata: “Bio-Toilet project” of Indian Railways is an innovative & indigenous development of technology. This technology is first of its kind being used by any railroad in the world for on-board accelerated digestion of human waste. These bio-toilets are fitted underneath the lavatories and the human waste discharged into them is acted upon by a colony of anaerobic bacteria that convert human waste mainly into water and small amount of bio-gases. The gases escape into atmosphere and waste water is discharged after chlorination onto the track. Human waste, thus, does not fall on the railway tracks thus improving cleanliness and hygiene at platforms, and facilitate track and coaches maintenance staff to perform their work more efficiently. The Bio-toilet project is very much aligned with ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’, launched by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.
The technology for Bio-toilets has been innovated, designed and is ‘Made in India’. It has been developed jointly by Indian Railways’ Engineers & DRDO’s scientists. It is one example where the technology developed for defence applications has been utilised for civilian purpose. Adaption and large scale deploymentof the technology has been facilitated by collaboration between DRDO, RDSO and the field units of Indian Railways.
SER’s initiative in Bio-Toilets:
With a view to provide clean and hygienic environment to the passengers, South Eastern Railway is taking a major initiative in installation of Bio-Toilets in coaches of trains. In the current financial year (2018-19), South Eastern Railway has taken a target of installing Bio-Toilets in 1846 coaches of mail/express trains. During the last financial year, 473 coaches of South Eastern Railway were fitted with Bio-Toilets.
Source: South Eastern Railway | Image Credit: Jaaron95 – Wikimedia Commons