New Delhi: The Indian Railways (IR) is stepping up efforts to reduce emission by 33% in the next 10-12 years through sustained energy efficiency measures & maximum use of clean fuel.
Promoting low carbon mass transportation system, the Railways will be using 5% bio diesel & CNG/LNG for traction while stepping up use of renewables up to 10% of its energy needs by 2030.
- Besides, state-of-the-art energy efficient locomotives & regenerative braking system will be the order of the day for the Railways to reduce emission level considerably.
- A senior Railway Ministry official involved with green initiatives undertaken by the public transporter, said, the Indian Railways is 12 times more energy efficient in freight traffic and 3 times more in passenger traffic compared to roadways.
- Use of renewable sources of energy will be promoted for which a big target has been set to achieve 1000 Mw of solar power & 170 Mw of wind power installed capacities.
- While about 20 Mw of solar power plant on roof top has already been commissioned, wind power of 36 Mw has been commissioned.
- In order to reduce carbon footprint, he said, a low carbon growth strategy has been adopted to reduce emission intensity by 33% by the year 2030 with 2005 as the base year by improving traction fuel & energy efficiency.
- Also, the national transporter has decided to recycle water & promote rainwater harvesting systems & revival of water bodies across the country.
- There is a concerted efforts for increasing forest cover on railway land.
- The target of tree plantation on railway land is Five crore trees in the next 3 years.
- The official said,”This year 1.2 crore trees have been planted against a target of 1.15 crore.”
- Also, the railways have commenced recycling of solid waste & generating energy from it.
- Fitting bio-toilets in its entire 55,000 strong fleet of coaches by 2019 is another green initiative of the Indian Railways.