First Trial Run of Country’s First ‘Train 18’ to be Conducted Today on Bareilly-Moradabad section

First Trial Run of Country’s First ‘Train 18’ to be Conducted Today on Bareilly-Moradabad section

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Date of Post: 17 Nov, 2018

New Delhi: The maiden trial run of country’s first indigenously built semi-high speed train “Train 18” will be conducted today on Bareilly-Moradabad section.

“Train 18’”, developed by the ICF (Integral Coach Factory), Chennai and seen as a successor to the prestigious 30-year-old Shatabdi Express, was flagged off by Railway Board chairman Ashwani Lohani on October 29.

Image Credit: Northern Railway

More Information:

  • The 16-coach train, driven by a self-propulsion module, can run at a speed of up to 160 kmph and comes with technical features for enhanced quick acceleration.
  • The indigenously developed ‘Train 18’ is built at a cost of Rs 100 crore in the span of 18 months.
  • It is the first long-distance train without a separate locomotive or engine.
  • A team of the RSDO (Research Designs and Standards Organisation) has reached Moradabad for the trial run.
  • High-speed trials will be conducted between Kota and Sawai Modhopur after the Moradabad trials.
  • After finishing the trials in Chennai, ‘Train 18’ left for Delhi on November 11 and reached the capital two days later.
  • After the test-run, the Train 18 was hauled by a locomotive to take it to Delhi as it should not run on its own until the CRS (Commission of Rail Safety) certifies it.

Train 18 – Complete Summary by Rail Analysis

Being developed at the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai “Train 18” , the country’s first engine-less train with a seating capacity of 1128 passengers in 16 coaches/chair cars, comes with super-comfortable seating, automatic doors, vacuum toilets, space for wheelchairs & disabled friendly restrooms.

These trains will have loco pilot cabins on both ends. This will prevent the need to reverse the locomotive which will save time. As these are EMU train sets, the time and distance taken to accelerate and decelerate will reduce, enabling the train to travel at top speed for more distance. Each coach will be fitted with traction motor so the train will be self propelled.

The rake of Train 18 will have 16 coaches consisting of 2 Executive Chair Cars and 14 AC Chair Cars. India’s first engineless train, code-named Train 18, will soon replace the existing Shatabdi Express on Delhi-Bhopal route.

History :

It has been the endeavor of Indian Railways to improve the quality of travel for every customer and in this direction the Tejas, Humsafar, Antyodaya and Deen Dayalu coaches have been put into service. Indian Railways plans to turn out state of the art Train18 train sets which will revolutionize rail travel.

A train-set as the name suggests is a self propelled train like the EMU and DEMU stock in service today. It has the inherent advantage of faster acceleration and turn around as compared to a conventional train since no reversal of locomotive is required as there is a driving cab at either end. This initiative by team ICF in the high speed travel will improve passenger satisfaction and help Indian Railways reclaim its modal share in the passenger segment.

Normally, in abroad, they take nearly 3 to 4 years to conceive, design and develop such new type of coaches. But, ICF has taken only 1 year for planning and design and now the works are going on for the past 6 months.

Technology :

Driven by a self-propulsion module sans a separate locomotive, the semi-high speed train, comes with technical features for enhanced quick acceleration.

Train 18 will be capable of speeds of upto 160 kmph equivalent of the Gatiman express the only semi-high speed train being run today. The propulsion system will be under slung and all coaches will be inter-connected with fully sealed gangways. This will be run in a 16 car formation consisting of four sets of four cars each. Each electrically powered set will consist of a driving trailer car (DTC), a motor car (MC),a trailer car(TC) and another motor car.

In a configuration of 16 coaches there will be eight motor coaches and this shall ensure faster acceleration. The driving coaches will have a seating capacity of about 44 whereas the trailer coaches will seat 78. The first class executive class shall have 56 seats.

The FRP based aerodynamic profile will ensure energy efficiency. The bogies will have fully suspended traction motors and wheel mounted disc brakes. The train will be very safe with centralized electro-pneumatic brake system with bogie control. The coaches and toilets will have space for wheelchair and access for persons with reduced mobility (PRM).

ICF has developed this technology with the help of European partners. It has a potential to travel up to the speed at 160 kmph as against 130 kmph of Shatabdi and would result in the travel time being reduced by around 15% once the tracks are fit to suit Train 18’s speed. 

Features :

The Train-18 have features which Include-

●    Inter-connected fully sealed gangways

●    Automatic doors with retractable footsteps

●    Onboard Wi-Fi and infotainment

●    GPS-based passenger information system

●    Modular toilets with bio-vacuum systems

●    Rotational seats which can be aligned in the direction of travel (available only in the executive class)

●    Roller blinds

●    diffused LED lighting

●    Disabled-friendly toilets

The footstep in a coach’s doorway slides outward when the train stops at a station enabling passengers to alight safely with comfort in view of the variation in height between a train’s floor and the platform.

Some other features include:

●    Stainless steel body with continuous windows

●    LHB coach base design –all chair cars

●    160 kmph speed on run with trial at 180 kmph

●    Maximum axle load of 18T and starting acceleration of about 0.8m/s2


The cost of each coach is expected to be about 60-65 million INR which is about half the cost in other countries for similar coaches. This may seem more than the 25 -30 million INR costs of a conventional LHB coach but this also include the cost of motive power and are thus competitive.

Developed by the Integral Coach Factory in 18 months, the full AC train is designed in such a way that passengers can have a look at the driver’s cabin. It cost nearly Rs 100 crore to build the prototype and subsequent production would bring down the cost. These trains would be the fastest in India when introduced.

Trials :

Railway Board Chairman Mr Ashwani Lohani on 29 October this year unveiled, India’s first engine-less train, “Train 18”. The Rs. 100-crore train is the first long-distance train, without a separate locomotive (engine). It would undergo trials in the coming months after which it will undergo extensive trials by RDSO (Research Design and Standards Organisation).


ICF has set a target of rolling out 4 more Train 18 trainsets by March-April 2019. This means that 5 train sets will be running on the tracks by mid-2019.

About Integral Coach Factory (ICF), Chennai

Integral Coach Factory is a premier Production Unit of Indian Railways manufacturing railway passenger coaches. ICF is versatile in manufacturing coaches for main line, suburban, metro, self propelled, luxury, special purpose coaches like Emission Test Car, accident relief train etc.

ICF is World’s No.1 coach manufacturer in terms of quantity and varieties of coaches made so far with over 55000 coaches in more than 500 variants passing through the portals of ICF. ICF’s USP covers design, development, manufacture and design validation of various types of coaches for Indian Railways, non-Railway customers and for export.

Today, the coach factory produces more than 2500 coaches of more than 50 variants in a year. ICF has started manufacturing stainless steel coaches in a big way. Coaches for Kolkata Metro, DEMU and EMU train sets are also made out of stainless steel. ICF has also been foraying into exports and adoption of cutting edge technology.

ICF has exported large number of coaches to Afro-Asian countries, including Diesel Electrical Multiple Units recently to Sri Lanka. Self propelled Diesel Train sets and Electric Train sets with 3-phase state-of-the-art technology are currently under manufacture.

All Image Credit: Integral Coach Factory, Chennai


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